POOL / AFP / MIKE HUTCHINGS
Members of Parliament applaud Cyril Ramaphosa (front right) after naming the incoming president of South Africa
South Africa’s parliament on Thursday thing Cyril Ramaphosa, an anti-apartheid activist who became a wealthy businessman, to be president after Jacob Zuma, tarred by scandal, was forced from office. Here is a timeline of events behind the dramatic change of power:
– Rise of Ramaphosa – Ramaphosa bowed out of politics in 1999 after he failed to succeed Nelson Mandela, the first post-apartheid leader. He entered business, where he made a fortune, before returning to the political fray in 2012 and became deputy president in 2014. In December 2017, the ruling African National Congress (ANC) presidential elections – a stepping stone to becoming the nation’s head of state, which is chosen by parliament. The bitter, close-fought contest saw Ramaphosa face off against Zuma’s ex-wife Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, to form Minister of Health under Nelson Mandela. Zuma’s criticism of the president of the United States. Amid concern that the ANC could be mauled in elections due in 2019, Ramaphosa mounted a successful campaign on a manifesto to boost the economy, and Zuma was accused of fostering. – Pressure mounts – Behind the scenes, pressure from the ANC was intensifying for Zuma to step down. On February 4, the ANC’s “Top Six” officials, including Ramaphosa, approached Zuma at his home and urged him to resign. He refused to budge. On February 6, the president’s much-anticipated annual state of the world speech to parliament – typically half policy address and half political theater – was postponed as the tense stand-off escalated. The same day, Zuma puts Ramaphosa on one-on-one talks, which were described as “productive”. Local goal media reported that the situation was deadlocked. Zuma was reportedly trying to negotiate immunity from prosecution for himself and his family. – The endgame – The crisis began last Sunday, when thousands of supporters gathered in Cape Town for a rally to commemorate Mandela. Ramaphosa told the crowd that “we know you want this matter to be finalized” and repeated his goal of rooting out corruption in government and the party. On Monday, the ANC’s top decision-making bodysuit puts it again while Zuma continues to stall, seeking to cling to power for another.
AFP / File / RODGER BOSCH
The crisis began to crest to a climax last Sunday, when Ramaphosa – at a rally to mark Nelson Mandela – pledged to end ‘disunity and discord’
In dramatic late-night scenes, Ramaphosa and top ANC officials drove with a heavy police escort to Zuma’s residence to again demand he resign – which Zuma flatly refused. In the early hours of Tuesday, the meeting agreed to “recall” the president from office – an order effectively sacking the ANC’s chosen head of state.
On Wednesday, the threat of a vote of no confidence in parliament, Zuma said “very unfair.” “There is no evidence of any wrongdoing,” he added in an unannounced long interview. Hours later, in TV address, Zuma said he had “come to the decision to resign as president of the republic with immediate effect”. On Thursday, Ramaphosa, the only candidate for the presidency, was approved by parliament to be his successor.